Language Benchmark: Java Vs Python (The return)

In my previous post I compared I/O and string formating and python was better than Java. Anyway as Java have primitive types and do not need to box/unbox variables it could be realy faster than python. Here is an exemple where I compute the distances between 3D points.

The python code

import time
from numpy import *
from math import *

n = 1000000
v1 = zeros(n*3)
v2 = zeros(n*3)
dn = double(n)
for i in xrange(n):
    v1[i] = 1.0 + i / dn;
    v2[i] = 2.0 + i / dn;
r = zeros(n)
t1 = time.time()
for i in xrange(n/3):
    for j in xrange(3):
        r[i]=r[i] + (v1[i*3+j]-v2[i*3+j])**2
t2 = time.time()
print t2-t1

The Java code

	public static void main(String[] argv)

		int n = 1000000;
		double[] v1 = new double[n*3];
		double[] v2 = new double[n*3];
		for(int i = 0; i < n; i++)
			v1[i] = 1.0+i/(double)n;
			v2[i] = 2.0+i/(double)n;

		double[] r = new double[n];
		double tmp;
		long t1 = System.nanoTime();
		for(int i = 0; i < n/3; i++)
			for(int j = 0; j < 3; j++)
				tmp = v1[i*3+j]-v2[i*3+j];
				tmp = tmp*tmp;
				r[i] += tmp;
			r[i] = Math.sqrt(r[i]);
		long t2 = System.nanoTime();
		System.out.println("time: "+(t2-t1)/1E9);
		for(int i = 0; i<n; i++)


  • Java: 0.02s (with a precision of 0.05s)
  • Python: 9.49s


There are probably ways to improve my python code using numpy a better way, but most of the time to get rid of boxing/unboxing time you will have to write C code to speedup most critical part of algorithms. While Python is only a gluing (yet very good) technology, Java can be used to write fast low level algorithms.

#java, #python